The country has been a party to the Convention on Biological Diversity since 1992. The latter species is one of the world's rarest birds, with only 20 breeding pairs or 40 mature individuals, and faces imminent extinction. With 7,107 islands and 600+ bird species to choose from, the Philippines is one of the best birding destinations in the world! Of the 1,000 species of orchids found in the Philippines, 70 percent are restricted to the hotspot. Extinction is a natural phenomenon, the result of failing to evolve fast enough to keep up with the times, a cataclysm like an asteroid crash, or human intervention. Labeled islands are mentioned in the text. The latter species is one of the worlds rarest birds, with only 20 breeding pairs or 40 mature individuals, and faces imminent extinction. Several species of hornbills, numerous kinds of parrots and woodpeckers, the endemic family of rhabdornises and many other beautiful and unique birds await you. The only critically endangered hornbills, the rufous-headed hornbill and the Sulu hornbill, are also restricted to the Philippines. The Philippines is a consumer, source, and transit point for IWT, threatening endemic species populations, economic development, and biodiversity. These massive trees were the … The rufous-headed hornbill is one of the 11 hornbill species endemic to the Philippines — and among the most threatened in the wild. This includes over 6,000 plant species and many birds species such as the Cebu flowerpecker, the Philippine cockatoo, the Visayan wrinkled hornbill, and the enormous Philippine eagle. The illustration of the Philippines is restricted to larger islands and islands with former or recent occurrence of the studied hornbill species. Despite their quirky and comical nature, hornbills are in trouble. Freshwater fish. The Ticao hornbill is subspecies of the visayan hornbill and it is probably already extinct. The other species is the helmeted hornbill. The species grows best in subtropical and medium temperate forest conditions with high humidity and stable mild temperatures. The Philippines has about 330 freshwater fish, including nine endemic genera and more than 65 endemic species, many of which are confined to single lakes. And it is threatened by uncontrolled hunting and the trade in hornbill ivory. Gone are the wild elephants, rhinoceroses, and tigers of the Philippines. Many endemic species are confined to forest fragments that cover only 7 percent of the original extent of the hotspot. As humans rose to dominate life on Earth, many species fell by the wayside. dashed lines approximately delineate the distribution ranges of the respective sister species. Sampled populations are indicated by island names in bold face. The plant species is native to the Philippines growing in the forests at about 300 to 700 meters and sometimes high elevations of about 2,000 meters. The broad lowland and hill rain forests of the Philippines, which are mostly gone today, were dominated by at least 45 species of dipterocarps. The only critically endangered hornbills, the rufous-headed hornbill and the Sulu hornbill, are also restricted to the Philippines. The value of IWT in the Philippines is estimated at ₱50 billion a year (roughly equivalent to The rufous headed hornbill and the critically endangered hornbill and the sulu hornbill are restricted to the Philippines.