A grouping of breeds according to the geographic area of their origin or to similar characteristics. Duckling = young (baby) duck Ever wonder what happens to all these feathers? Hen = adult female pheasant Ostrich is singular; Ostriches is plural Any bird that is raised for their eggs or meat is defined as poultry. Chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese are the birds of primary. The term ‘moulard’ duck is sometimes used for the offspring of a muscovy male and a pekin female. Where there is a bantam size only, these are called ‘True Bantams’. In each, the physical shape and features are the same but the feather color and pattern differ, which constitutes each as a separate variety. Hen = adult female quail Common American breeds include the Plymouth Rock, the Wyandotte, the Rhode Island Red, and the New Hampshire, all of which are dual-purpose breeds that are good for both eggs and meat. Broad-breasted white is the most common type of turkey raised commercially in the United States. The name ISA Brown is not actually a breed name, but a copyrighted brand name. This is based on the presence of the sex-feather in the tail of the male mallard as well as the males of the domesticated duck breeds. They are raised around the world for their feathers, hide and meat (and their eggs) depending on the market available. The definition of poultry is simple. For more information check out the Smithsonian website. Duck is singular, Ducks in plural Chick = young (baby) chicken In addition, males crow while females do not. Unlike chickens, which can be classified into different chicken breeds, guineas are separated by guinea species. There are also dual-purpose breeds that are reasonably good in both meat and egg production, but not as good as the specialized breeds. Cock = adult male quail There are a number of different species of quail raised commercially: Bobwhite quail – raised primarily for meat production or for release in hunting preserves, especially in southeastern United States A basic knowledge of how to identify and classify fowl may be helpful. It is said that the violet guinea fowl colors is the non-pearled version of the pearl … Visit Catskill Weddings at Natural Gardens, Heartwood Vintage Bathouse - Antique Cypress. Peafowl is both singular and plural. Very young birds are clad only in down. Squab = young (baby) pigeon still in the nest. Exhibition/Fancy: Raised for particular physical features and typically exhibited at poultry shows (e.g., Fantails, Frills, Jacobins, Modenas, Owls Pouters). Cob = adult male swan Most of the chickens and turkeys are used as a mode of nutrition, while the remaining fragments ar… Ducks, geese, and swans are waterfowl. There are several breeds which have both standard and bantam breeds. As turkeys get older it is easier to tell the males (toms) form the females (hens). There are also specific bantam breeds with no standard breed counterpart. Not all breeds of large fowl can be found in bantam size and vice-versa. Forget chicken pox diseases, this bacterial disease attacks chickens just as brutally. Mixed Types of Fowl Types of fowl or poultry is a … Guinea Fowl Color Descriptions. Pigeon milk = The cottage-cheese looking crop substance produced by both cock and hen to feed the young from hatch till about 10 days of age. Envision walking through a lush green field as your wedding aisle and saying your vows at the glittering pond-side beneath an archway of tree branches, with the ambient music of tweeting birds and fish leaping from the water creating the soundtrack for one of the most important moments of your life. Today, fowl usually refers specifically to chickens or other kinds of domesticated birds that lay eggs or are raised to be eaten. Passenger pigeon: An extinct migratory bird (Ectopistes migratorius) abundant in eastern North America until the latter part of the 19th century. Cock = adult male pheasant This category consists of various domesticated birds each of which is used in various farm settings. It … A grouping of breeds according to the geographic area of their origin or to similar characteristics. There are three types of swans living in North America. Cockerel = young male pheasant under one year of age Goose = adult female goose They use their webbed feet as flippers to push through the water. Hen = adult female ostrich There are many different types of guinea fowl available to backyard poultry enthusiasts. Types of fowl are: Chickens, Turkey, Ducks, Geese, Pigeons, Pheasant, Partridge, Guinea Fowl, Peafowl, Quail, Ratites (Emu,Rhea,Ostrich). Some of the egg-laying breeds can lay more eggs per year than many chicken breeds. Photo of a pair of chickens A common question is “How can you tell the difference between a male and female chicken?”  Notice the different in the size of comb and wattles and the tail feathers. Bantams are the miniatures of the poultry world. Chicken tractor = portable cage for chickens on pasture. There are two sizes of fowl that exist – ‘Large Fowl’ (often abbreviated to L.F) and ‘Bantam’. Chick/Cheeper = young (baby) partridge. Very friendly toward people, but has low egg production, 50 white eggs per year. 2. Their small size and numerous shapes, colors and personalities give them a broad appeal to people who live in urban areas. They are especially beneficial in controlling the Lyme disease carrying deer tick. Each breed has a very distinct shape or confirmation (Figure below shows 4 varieties in the Wyandotte breed). Turkey is singular; turkeys is plural Some of the meat breeds of ducks are also used to produce foie gras, which is a delicacy made from the fatty liver of ducks or geese. Typically, however, the term pheasant is used for birds such as the ring-necked pheasant. Geese are raised commercially for meat, feathers, down and foie gras (a delicacy made from the fatty livers of ducks or geese). Squeaker = young pigeon in the year of its hatch ‘Martha,’ thought to be the world’s last passenger pigeon, died at 1PM on September 1, 1914, at the age of 29, in the Cincinnati Zoological Garden in Ohio. Pigeon is singular; Pigeons is plural The muscovy is a South American waterfowl that has a body like a duck, behaves like a goose in that it hisses rather than quacks, has a breast like a turkey, and roosters like a chicken. Bottom is removable for easy clean out. Tumblers: Able to tumble or roll over backwards in flight. Cock = adult male pigeon Button and Chinese-painted quail – these two small species of quail are sometimes raised for aviaries or as companion birds, Quail is both singular and plural Turns bright red when the turkey is upset or during courtship Peahen = adult female peafowl Chicken trivia: About 4 million pounds of feathers are produced each year by the U.S. poultry industry. Down = layer of fine feathers found under the tougher exterior feathers. Ventilation built right in - welcoming to any smart bat! Vintage Look is better than antique, with a weathered look made in the USA from solid wood that lasts for generations. Mounting = term for when a rooster mates with a hen APPEARANCE: The upright Araucana has distinct “tufts” at the cheeks and no tail.Its feathers come in an impressive range of colors: black, white, buff, silver, golden duckwing, and more. There are over sixty species in the waterfowl group. Duck/Hen = adult female duck EGG PRODUCTION: This breed will lay roughly 150 eggs per year, usually in that coveted country-blue … Cock = adult male ostrich Caruncle = brightly colored growths on the throat region. Emus are native to Australia. Why do we need this? Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. See more ideas about Types of poultry, Poultry, What is a bird. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Pullet = immature female chicken Peachick = young (baby) peafowl. Differentiating characteristics including plumage color and pattern, comb type, and the presence of beards of muffs. Many waterfowl spend much of their time on ponds and lakes. All these birds have webbed feet. Rhea are native to South America. The primary factor relating ot their extinction, however, was commercialization of pigeon as a cheap food for slaves and the poor, resulting in hunting on a massive scale. The mallard is the only wild duck that has this type of tail feather. The incubation period for a muscovy is 35 days, instead of the typical 28 days for ducks. This is not the case – The word comes from the Anglo-Saxon word cicen, for which the plural is cicen-u. Now, let us look at the various types of poultry. Geese have been known to chase away wild cats such as a lynx. Poult = young (baby) turkey Pullet = young female pheasant under one year of age 2 Meat Breeds. Genetic selection of duck breeds As with chickens, there are meat, egg and exhibition breeds of ducks. Utility: Raised for meat production (e.g., Carneau, Kings, Hungarians, Mondains) Bantie = non-technical term sometimes used in place of ‘bantam’ Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring. The result is a smaller bird but one with a more balanced dark-to-white meat ratio; a more intense, sometimes gamey, flavor; and a thick layer of fat surrounding the breast. Fowl have deep spiritual meanings and roots in ancient cultures, such as Hinduism in India and in many Pagan cultures throughout the world. Guinea pullet = female guinea fowl under one year of age You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Tom = adult male turkey (also often referred to as a ‘gobbler’) Waterfowl are birds that are strong swimmers with waterproof feathers and webbed feet. American wigeon or baldpate a bird of North America, Anas americana, that is similar to the wigeon; the male has a white crown Ancona chicken Andalusian chicken Australorp chicken a heavy black breed of domestic fowl bantam chicken any of various very small breeds of domestic fowl barnacle goose a N European goose, Branta leucopsis, that has a black-and-white head … Guinea cock = adult male guinea fowl Eggs (For example: chickens, ducks, ostrich, emu) Violet Guinea Fowl. Their tail feathers are more pointed while those of the female are rounded. Large Fowl 67 Types of poultry , Chickens and other domesticated farming animals for meat, eggs, feathers. The term ‘ratite’ refers to birds which are unable to fly, basically because they do not have a keel (bone that flight breast muscles attach to). The northern fowl mite, Ornithonyssus sylviarum, is the most important parasite of caged layers and breeding chickens in the USA and is a serious pest of chickens throughout the temperate zone of other countries. Occasionally, fowl is used interchangeably with poultry, to mean the flesh of that same kind of bird when it's eaten; you could describe your family as being fond of pork, beef, and fowl. Learn the specific differences between the various guinea fowl out there, and decide which guinea species is best for your situation! How many types and sizes are there of silkie bantam? Types of fowl 1. The Wyandotte breed is a good example. Rollers: Most will perform intricate maneuvers (roll or spin) in the air. Pet birds are not considered poultry. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement.